Elbow Physiotherapy Newcastle
Tennis elbow (lateral epicondylalgia) is the broad term used to describe pain on the outside of the elbow, specifically at the insertion of the extensor muscles at the lateral epicondyle. Pain and other symptoms may be caused by tendon overload, tendon degeneration, nerve entrapment, myofascial trigger points or referred pain from the neck.
Golfer’s elbow (medial epicondylalgia) is less common and manifests as pain on the inside of the elbow. Symptoms usually result from ergonomic and biomechanical flaws in sports/ work activities etc.
Olecranon bursitis is a condition where the olecranon bursa, located at the point of the elbow, becomes very painful and swollen. This may result from a single or repetitive trauma. Initial treatment should include ice, elevation, padding and activity modification. If not settling, a doctor may aspirate the bursa and anti-inflammatory or corticosteroid medications may be administered .
Sprains or Dislocation
The medial collateral ligament can be sprained as a result of a single stretching force or repetitive strain associated with activities such as throwing. Treatment involves a combination of activity modification, technique correction, taping and a specific strengthening program to ensure successful return to sport or work.
Dislocation of the elbow joint can occur as a result of a hyperextension mechanism. The dislocated elbow should be reduced by an experienced clinician and x-rays performed to check for any associated fractures which are common.
Physiotherapists play an important role in the management of elbow injuries. Physiotherapists have the knowledge and skills to administer manual therapy and dry needling techniques to decrease pain and help to identify and address causative factors such as workplace set up, posture, weakness or incorrect grip technique in sport. Rehabilitation is important following these injuries to restore full strength and range of movement around the elbow.
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