Knee Physiotherapists in Newcastle
Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (PFPS)
PFPS presents as pain at the front of the knee, around the kneecap. The cause of this condition is multifactorial and manifests as irritation to pain sensitive structures around the kneecap causing pain and dysfunction particularly on stairs and when squatting/ lunging. Causal factors will be identified during assessment and may include: poor quadriceps muscle recruitment patterns, poor foot biomechanics, inadequate hip and core stability etc.
Tendinopathy is a term used to describe an adverse degenerative change in the tendon which leads to pain and dysfunction. This is common in activities/ sports whereby the body is unaccustomed to the volume, frequency or type of load.
Iliotibial Band Friction Syndrome (ITBFS)
Occurs when friction between the ITB and underlying bone compress and irritate the bursa. The cause of this condition is multifactorial and may include muscle weakness, poor hip stability, biomechanical issues and unaccustomed training techniques.
Degenerative damage and acute meniscus tears can cause significant knee pain, catching, locking, swelling and dysfunction. Some damage requires arthroscopic surgery to ‘fix’ the problem. Most people respond well to a conservative approach by a physiotherapist, restoring the knee’s strength and function.
Ligament Tears/ Ruptures
The ligaments around the knee are integral in maintaining knee joint stability. They can all be torn or ruptured in isolation or combination with twisting type injuries. A thorough assessment is integral in determining an accurate diagnosis and assists with the prescription of a customised evidence based rehabilitation programme. Depending on symptoms, current research reveals that conservative rehabilitation is equivalent, if not better then surgical management for some ligament injuries.
Articular Cartilage Injury
Injury to the surface of the femur and tibia can be caused by degenerative changes or an acute incident. Specific assessment of lower limb biomechanics and comprehensive rehabilitation can significantly reduce symptoms.
Such as Osgood Schlatters and Sinding Larson Johansson Syndrome occur in adolescents whose growth plates are still present. Activity modification, stretches, ice and addressing biomechanical problems are all important in successfully treating these problems.
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